BEST PRACTICES

Best Practice - 1 :

Title of the Practice: "Analysis of Fluoride Content in Drinking Water"

Objectives of the Practice:

  • To investigate the variation of fluoride concentration in drinking water from different parts of Koppal district.
  • To educate public about the side effects by consumption of fluoride water.
  • To encourage the students to actively participate in the social service activities.
  • To inculcate the habit of research so that more students would be attracted towards research activity.
  • To bring awareness among the students about their social responsibilities.

The Context:

Social awareness is a crucial element of a college student’s education. It teaches the skills of communication, collaboration, social responsibility, and professionalism, which are helpful in their professional life. Students with good social awareness skills can easily get involved in finding effective solutions to different social problems. We encourage social awareness among students through this activity and program.

Quality water is quite essential for the healthy society. Hence, Green Protocol Committee and Department of chemistry initiated to investigate the variation of fluoride concentration in drinking water from different parts of Koppal district. The B.Sc II Semester students of our college are asked to analyse water for its quality and encouraged to educate the public about quality parameters of water and side effects of consuming impure water as a part of social responsibility/social service. This activity is being organised by Department of Chemistry. Students are encouraged to utilise the facilities and instruments available in the Chemistry laboratories for the analysis of water samples brought selectively from various villages like Hitanal, Alvandi, Kinnal and towns like Koppal, Kuknoor, Irakalgada.

Research Background:

Fluorosis is an important public health problem across the globe. Intake of Fluoride higher than the optimum level is the main reason for occurrence of Dental and Skeletal Fluorosis. In India endemic fluorosis has affected over one million people. In Karnataka, eight districts have been declared as fluoride endemic. Fluorine is the most abundant element in nature. It is required by the body for mineralization of bones and formation of Dental enamel especially during first 7 years of life. The upper limit of Fluoride in drinking water is 1.5mg/L as recommended by World Health Organisation (WHO). The Bureau of Indian standards has laid down the maximum permissible limit of 1.0mg/L. Koppal district comes in temperate region where the water intake is more, excess Fluroide consumption may pose a threat to people. Fluorine is a double-edged sword. When consumed within the limits, it is useful, but when consumed in excess it leads to a threat. Ground water, Soil and Foods items like sea fish, cheese and tea are the main sources of Fluroine and Fluorine ingested through these sources gets stored in bones and teeth.

The Practice:

  • Students were educated about water quality analysis task to be done for saving health and lives of the public.
  • Students were made into six groups. Each group composed of 10 students. The details of student’s groups, dates of visiting villages/towns from which samples to be collected, datesof analysis in the laboratory and discussion of the results were fixed and displayed on the college notice board.
  • Each group collected three samples from the given area and analysed water sample and noted average data.
  • Students were given demonstration to do chemical analysis for fluoride.
  • They were given details about the types of diseases people are prone to get by using impure water and their effects.

Evidence of Success:

  • Students enthusiastically participated in the entire analysis process indicating that they were truly inspired by the ives of the programme.
  • Students developed the concept of communication, collaboration, social responsibility, and professionalism.
  • Students reported the analysis results accurately by performing analysis on their own.
  • Students enlightened the public regarding the quality of water they are consuming and possible effects.

Sl No.

Group

Date of Visit

Area

Source

Average Conc. of Fluoride (mg per litre)

WHO limits

BIS Limits

1

Group-1

21/9/20

Hitanal

Tube well

0.8

 

1.5mg/l

 

1.0mg/l

2

Group-2

22/9/20

Alavandi

Tube well

1.6

3

Group-3

23/9/20

Kinnal

Tube well

0.7

4

Group-4

21/9/20

Kukanoor

Tube well

1.9

5

Group-5

22/9/20

Irrkalgada

Tube well

0.5

6

Group-6

23/9/20

Koppal

Tube well

1.1

Outcome:

The fluoride concentrations are within desirable limit in study area at the average temperature of 33oC. But in areas like kukanoor and alavandthe fluoride concentration is more than 1.5 mg/lit. Students create awareness in these two study areas public about high concentration of fluoride in their drinking water.

Problems Encountered:

  • Instruments and chemicals for analysis
  • Cost of programme
  • Lack of experience to students

Best Practice - 2 :

Title of the Practice: “Donate Blood and Save Life

Objectives:

  1. To sensitize the need of donating blood to the needy in time
  2. To inculcate the feeling of helping others to breathe life with their precious donation
  3. To motivate all students to take a pledge to donate blood at least once in a year
  4. To impart to them the value of blood donation
  5. To aware of the scientific information about the blood group

Context:

The NSS units of our college organize the Blood Donation Camp every year in collaboration with Government Hospital Koppal and Red Cross Society, Koppal. The College provides all facilities like space, furniture, Blood group testing rooms, blood donating room with good hygiene and sanitation as per the medical standard. The camp is inaugurated with a motivating session by the subject experts to make the students understanding the importance of this best practice.

Practice:

Prior to donation, the donor Students will be screened to identify their quality of blood to be collected. The underweight and the infected persons will not be allowed to provide donations as the medical advice. Donors will be informed that by each donation their blood cells will be rejuvenated and hence youthfulness in the blood will be present on every occasion. Donors will be provided with scientific information regarding the blood group and its associated diseases.

Evidence of Success:

  • The donor Students will get free health check-ups in identifying the pulse rate, Blood group test, Blood pressure, Body temperature, and Haemoglobin level.
  • The donor will be informed of their blood group.
  • The donor students are given a certificate of appreciation.
  • The sick students will get proper medical advice from the health personnels.

Problems Encountered:

During the year, we could not organize donation camp due to the pandemic disease, but our donor group actively participated in donation of blood to needy people in time. Students hailed from the villages and poor backgrounds are found to be ignorant of their health status. Students are much phobic to needles and blood testing. Some students are underweight and anaemic due to malnutrition and undernourishment.

Solutions Provided:

The weak students are identified and advised to take the medicines for their illness. Plan to create a database of the blood donors

  • A viable database comprising of the blood groups of the students and alumni will be created and maintained.
  • Donor’s whatsApp group that created includes the students and Alumni’s of our college.
  • Any recipient can approach the college to get the donors number
  • Thus the college connects to the society!

 

Supporting Reports

 

AQAR Best Practices

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

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